The Family of 92 (synthesized elements are rejects)

This is the third edition of *drum rolls* Pop Quizz! A quizz in which the answers are not obvious and if it is obvious, and you get it wrong, you are rebuked at!!!

Occasionally, I will occasionally ask a question, and the reader will answer them! For every wrong answer, I will consider one of your comments a spam. Ha! See how you like that suckers! (I am kidding, of course) Sometimes, a wrong answer won’t invite rage, some really obvious one will, and you will be called an idiot if you can’t answer the obvious one. In fact, I may have to make an extra page on my blog for the lists of idiots. 🙂 So, let the question begin!!!

3. What are the commonalities between the first 92 elements? (other than the fact that they are not man made, k?) (extra credit 5. if you know the full complicated process from element 1 to 26, even I don’t know it, so good luck! *cough*suckers*cough*) (Note: You just have to answer the simple part of it, okay? You don’t have to overdo it like I do in my answers 🙂 )

Clues: The process produces electromagnetic radiation, neutrinos, and positron. Oh, and think thermonuclear, K?


And the answer is…




*drum rolls*



*dying with anticipation*



*heart attack*



…From hydrogen, created at the moment of the Big Bang (and some helium), all other elements have been formed inside the burning furnance of a star. (At this point, it will be really detailed, and I am not a professional, so don’t take it as an authoritative source) Basically, the heat of a star sticks two atoms together. The first reaction, and the only one I will show, is (note, change in number means only neutrons have been added, while change of letters from hydrogen to helium and change in number means proton has been added, oh and in case you don’t know, H is hydrogen, and He is helium) 1H+1H=2H+positron+heat. Then 2H+1H=3He+radiation+heat. Finally 3He+3He=4He+2(1H)+heat. Oh, and positron+electron=heat+radiation. Like this:

e+ is positron, e- is electron, v is neutrino, y is gamma ray, p is proton, d is deuterium (1 proton, 1neutron), orange is proton, gray is neutron, Be is beryllium

So, that is how hydrogen turns to helium, roughly. Then the star runs out of hydrogen and bloats (our sun has 5 billions of years left until this happens), helium combines into other elements, and those elements combine into higher elements. Depending on how massive a star is, it may end with a carbon/oxygen core (less massive, like oh say, the sun (if you didn’t know the sun was a star, shame on you, well now you know)) or an iron core (more massive), like this:

With the less massive one, its atmosphere drifts away until the core is left, which is the white dwarf. In the really massive one, an iron reaction into another would require energy, instead of releasing it, so reaction stops there. The star don’t have enough energy to hold itself (imagine Atlas is like the heat pressure holding the giant star), and gravity wins, causing it to collapse unto itself. The nucleus contracts into a neutron star (a more extreme case is a black hole) while the outer shell gets blown off into an explosion called supernova. The supernova then produces a reaction in which elements higher than iron is produced until uranium. The shell of gas and stellar wind expelled by the less massive star and the gas of the supernova spreads the elements so that it can be part of other stars and planets. This is incredible and beautiful, huh? We owe our origin to these giant balls of gas millions of degrees celsius. Without these reactions, you wouldn’t exist. So in a way, we are all connected with the entire universe. If you can’t appreciate the beauty of this theory and fact, then… I would be really sad. You wouldn’t want to make me sad, would you?

Wow, that was a mouthful. Anyways, I hoped you enjoyed this! (You better, or someone is going to get hurt really bad)


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